You can search our database using more advanced options!

Sign In |

New User? Sign Up

Page Options

font size

Inside Journal


Editorial board member


The archive of journal


Sign in and submit a manuscript


Frequently Asked Questions

Order Issue


Reference Code: 922-18

Volume 2, Issue 4, 17 Dec 2011

Paper Type: Original Research Paper


The Impact of Renewable Energy and Energy Effi-cient Technologies, what to choose in case of limited supportive actions: a case study


Research topics dealing with the application of the MarkAl model have been quite common in the last 20+ years. Every new paper has added new insight into the potential of using such a model for a variety of purposes. Not only global but also local applications have shown both limits and benefits when dealing with manifold energy-environmental-resources optimal management. The aim of this work is to strengthen the idea that such models, even with the limits that have been underlined, can continue to contribute as a valid tool to assist local policy makers to have a bet-ter/objective idea of the impact and potential of certain actions. Besides, it provides a non-biased tool in case incentive resources run out and a diverse portfolio of actions to achieve set environmental targets does exist. In times where economic crises strike every sphere of political and civil actions, it is more im-portant to be able to rely on objective instruments to support choices at every level. Thus the local level becomes more and more strategic. The paper deals with an application of the Standard MarkAl model to a Northern Italian province (190 municipalities and half a million people), in order to give useful circumscribed information on the results coming out from a simple, but interconnected, optimized energy model, when a previous skimming has been performed to identify the target actions of possible incentives. The choice is to benefit only few actions, in order to make the effect of it keener. In this case the two competing actions in the residential sector are (i) fostering more efficient buildings vs. (ii) additional support for renewable technologies. The scope of the applied research is to give economic and environmental indexes useful to decide where to invest the limited local resources. For this scope different energy development scenarios have been analyzed and their performance indicators identified. Developing consistent local energy plans, by using a consolidated bottom u

Authors: Norma Anglani , Giuseppe Muliere

Keywords: local energy policy, renewable energy , MarkAl model


[1] van Hoesen J, Letendre S, Evaluating po-tential renewable energy resources in Poultney, Vermont: A GIS-based approach to supporting rural community energy planning, Renewable Energy 35 (2010) 2114-2122.
[2] Salvia M, Pietrapertosa F, Cosmi C,Cuomo V, Macchiato M, Approaching the Kyoto targets: a case study for Basilicata region (Italy), Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 8 (2004) 73-90.
[3] Pietrapertosa F, Cosmi C, Macchiato M, Marmo G, Salvia M, Comprehensive mod-elling for approaching the Kyoto targets on a local scale, Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 7 (2003) 249-270.
[4] Ojha K, Need of independent rural power producers in India-an overview, Clean Technologies and environmental policy 12 (2010) 495-501.
[5] Fielden D, Jacques J.K, Changing the man-agement perspective on energy systems: How small clusters - And islands - Can achieve greater cost and energy efficien-cies, International Journal of Energy Re-sources 21 (1997) 767-786.
[6] Neves A.R, Leal V, Energy sustainability indicators for local energy planning: Re-view of current practices and derivation of a new framework, Renewable & Sustaina-ble Energy Reviews 14 (2010) 2723-2735.
[7] Muliere G, Modeling of energy conversion and end users systems: local long-term planning and optimization, PhD Thesis University of Pavia – Department of Elec-trical Engineering (2010).
[8] Endo E, Market penetration analysis of fuel cell vehicles in Japan by using the energy system model MARKAL. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 32 (2007) 1347 –1354.
[9] Schulz T.F, Barreto L, Kypreos S, Stucki S., Assessing wood-based synthetic natural gas technologies using the SWISS-MARKAL model, Energy 32 (2007) 1948-1954.
[10] Krukanont P, Tezuka T, Implications of
capacity expansion under uncertainty and value of information: The near-term energy planning of Japan, Energy 32 (2007) 1809-1824.
[11] Murphy R, Rivers N, Jaccard M, Hybrid modeling of industrial energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions with an ap-plication to Canada, Energy Economics 29 (2007) 826-846.
[12] Tietze-Stockinger I, Fichtner W, Rentz O, A model to minimize joint total costs for industrial waste producers and waste man-agement companies, Waste Management & Research 22 (2004) 466-476.
[13] Gielen D.J, de Feber M.A.P.C, Bos A.J.M, Gerlagh T , Biomass for energy or mate-rials? A Western European systems engi-neering perspective, Energy Policy 29 (2001) 291-302.
[14] Endo E, Ichinohe I, Analysis on market deployment of photovoltaics in Japan using energy system model MARKAL, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 90 (2006) 3061-3067.
[15] Tseng P, Lee J, Friley P, A hydrogen econ-omy: opportunities and challenges, Energy 30 (2005) 2703-2720.
[16] Rafaj P, Kypreos S , Internalisation of ex-ternal cost in the power generation sector: Analysis with Global Multi-regional MARKAL model, Energy Policy 35 (2007) 828-843.
[17] Changhong C, Bingyana W, Qingyan F,.Green C, D.G. Streets, Reductions in emissions of local air pollutants and co-benefits of Chinese energy policy: a Shanghai case study, Energy Policy 24 (2006) 754-762.
[18] Morales K.E.L.R, Response from a MARKAL technology model to the EMF scenario assumptions, Energy Economics 26 (2004) 655-674.
[19] Salvia M, Cosmi C, Macchiato M, Man-giamele L, Waste management system op-timization for Southern Italy with MARKAL model, Resources Conservation and Recycling 34 (2002) 91-106.

More about this Paper

Reviewed Before : Yes

Reviewed Magazines and Sites:

Related Papers

Privacy Policy|Terms and Conditions

Monday, January 22, 2018 5:35 PM

Total page views