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Reference Code: 903-56

Volume 2, Issue 4, 17 Dec 2011

Paper Type: Original Research Paper


Compressed Air Energy Storage System Based Engine for Running Light Vehicle


Globally excessive consumption of hydrocarbon fuel in transport sector is a serious threat to the civilization due to paucity of fuel in future. Also this growing use of vehicles for transport is contributing about 70% of total air pollution and causing environmental and ecological imbalances. Thus the worldwide fast depletion of conventional energy resources and impact of emissions on environment necessitates the search of alternative non- conventional energy sources, and other direct conversion of energy systems. This paper deals with study of sustainable renewable energy resources and their conversion system. Efforts have been made to develop emission free compressed air engine for better and sustainable energy future. Here parametric study of a vane type novel air turbine is carried out. The optimum power output obtained ranges from: 1.0 kW, 4.0 kW and 9.0 kW at D= 50 mm, 100 mm and 150 mm respectively, when rotor/ casing ratio (d/D) = 0.70, vane angle (θ) is kept 30o to 45o (vanes =12 to 8 nos.), and other parameters such as: injection angle (60o), injection pressure (6 bar) and speed of rotation (2500rpm) are kept constant throughout the study.

Authors: Dr. Bharat Raj Singh , Dr. Onkar Singh

Keywords: fossil fuel, pollution, emission, depletion, energy source, energy conversion.


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[15] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, Development of a vaned type novel Air Turbine, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, Proc. IMechE Part: C JMES993, Vol. 222(12), 2008, pp 2419-2426, DOI:10.1243/09544062JMES993.
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[17] Singh B.R., and Singh Onkar, Effect of Different Vane Angle on Rotor - Casing Diameter Ratios to Optimize the Shaft Output of a Vaned Type Novel Air Turbine, International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Chennai, India, IJEST-ISSN-0975-5472,Vol. 2, Number 3 (2), 2010, pp 114-121.
[18] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, Study of Effect of Injection Angle to Rotor-Casing Diameter Ratios on Performance of a Vaned Type Novel Air Turbine, International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Chennai, India, IJEST-ISSN-0975-5472,Vol. 2, Number 4 (10), 2010, pp 409-417.
[19] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, Critical Effect of Rotor Vanes with Different Injection Angles on Performance of a Vaned Type Novel Air Turbine- International Journal of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, India, IJET-ISSN: 0975-4024, Vol. 2 Number 2(28), 2010, pp. 118-123.
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[21] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, Analytical Investigations on Different Air Injection Angles to Optimize Power Output of a Vaned Type Air Turbine, International Journal of Power and Energy, Westminster, London- SW1H 9JJ, UK, Proc. of IMechE, Part A: JPE-837, ISSN 0957-6509; Vol. 224,Number 3, 2010, pp. 305-312, DOI:10.1243/09576509JPE837.
[22] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, Study of Effect of Rotor Vanes to Rotor-Casing Dimensions on Performance of a Zero Pollution Vane Type Novel Air Turbine, International Journal of the Physical Sciences, 5170-00200, Nairobi-73023 Victoria Island, Lagos, ISSN 1992-1950,Vol.5(5), 2010, pp. 547-556
[23] Singh Onkar, 2009, Reciprocating and Rotary Compressor, Applied Thermodynamics, New Age International (P) Ltd., Publishers, New Delhi, India, ISBN: 978-81-224-2583-3, Feb 2009, pp797-798.

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