You can search our database using more advanced options!

Sign In |

New User? Sign Up

Page Options

font size

Inside Journal

EDITORIAL BOARD

Editorial board member

ARCHIVE

The archive of journal

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Sign in and submit a manuscript

FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions

Order Issue

Name
Email

Reference Code: 903-56

Volume 2, Issue 4, 17 Dec 2011

Paper Type: Original Research Paper

Subjects:

Compressed Air Energy Storage System Based Engine for Running Light Vehicle

Abstract:

Globally excessive consumption of hydrocarbon fuel in transport sector is a serious threat to the civilization due to paucity of fuel in future. Also this growing use of vehicles for transport is contributing about 70% of total air pollution and causing environmental and ecological imbalances. Thus the worldwide fast depletion of conventional energy resources and impact of emissions on environment necessitates the search of alternative non- conventional energy sources, and other direct conversion of energy systems. This paper deals with study of sustainable renewable energy resources and their conversion system. Efforts have been made to develop emission free compressed air engine for better and sustainable energy future. Here parametric study of a vane type novel air turbine is carried out. The optimum power output obtained ranges from: 1.0 kW, 4.0 kW and 9.0 kW at D= 50 mm, 100 mm and 150 mm respectively, when rotor/ casing ratio (d/D) = 0.70, vane angle (θ) is kept 30o to 45o (vanes =12 to 8 nos.), and other parameters such as: injection angle (60o), injection pressure (6 bar) and speed of rotation (2500rpm) are kept constant throughout the study.

Authors: Dr. Bharat Raj Singh , Dr. Onkar Singh

Keywords: fossil fuel, pollution, emission, depletion, energy source, energy conversion.

References:

[1] Hubbert M.K., Nuclear energy and the fossil fuels; Amer. Petrol. Inst. Drilling and Production Practice, Proc. Spring Meeting, San Antonio, Texas. 1956, pp 7-25, web: www.hubbertpeak.com/de/lecture.html.
[2] Aleklett K. and Campbell C.J., The Peak and Decline of World Oil and Gas Production- Minerals and Energy, Raw Materials Report, Volume 18, Number 1, 2003, pp. 5-20(16).
[3] Architectural Institute, Concept and Technology- First International Workshop on Sustainable Habitat Systems - Kyushu Branch, Japan - December, 10, 2004 (10:00- 18:00), Venue: ACROS Fukuoka.
[4] THE PLANNING GROUP, Sustainable and Land Development Study, ENV. Australia, 2002.
[5] Govt. of WA, Focus on the Future Sustainable and Land Development Study- The Western Australian State Sustainability Strategy - Consultation Draft, 2002, pp.8.
[6] Atcitty, S., Ranade, S., Gray-Fenner, Amber, Summary of State-of-the-Art Power Conversion Systems for Energy Storage Applications- Sandia National Laboratories - Report SAND98 – 2019, 1998.
[7] Negre Guy and Negre Cyril, Compressed Air - The Most Sustainable Energy Carrier for Community Vehicles, Speech in front of assembly at Kultur gathered for Fuel Cells World, Tuesday 29th June ’2004.
[8] Saint Hilaire G., Saint Hilaire R. and Saint Hilaire, Y., Quasiturbine zero pollution car using gasoline. Festival at Le Lundi, Montreal Gazette, 26 September 2005.
[9] Fuglsang P., Bak C. and Gunna M., Design and verification of the Ris0-B1 Airfoil-family for Wind Turbines, Journal of Solar Energy Engg., ASME- Nov’2004, Vol.126 pp 1002-1008.
[10] Gorla R. and Reddy, S., Probabilistic Heat Transfer and Structural Analysis of Turbine Blade, IJTJE, Vol. 22, 2005, pp 1- 11.
[11] Selig Michel S. and Bryan D. McGranahan, Wind Tunnel Aerodynamics Tests of Six Airfoils for use on Small Wind Turbines, Journal of Solar Energy Engg., ASME-Nov’ 2004, Vol.126, pp 986-1000,
DOI:10.1115/1.1793208.
[12] Schreck S. and Robinson M, Tip Speed Ratio Influences on Rationally Augmented Boundary Layer Topology and Aerodynamic Force Generation, Journal of Solar Energy Engg., ASME-Nov’ 2004-Vol.126 pp1025-1033, DOI:10.1115/1.1793209.
[13] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, Development of Novel Air Turbine, International Conference at Honolulu, Hawaii-on 17th-22nd Feb, 2008; Paper No. ISROMAC 12-2008-20046.
[14] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, A Study on Sustainable Energy Sources and its Conversion Systems towards Development of an Efficient Zero Pollution Novel Turbine to be used as Prime-mover to the Light Vehicle, 2008 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, held on October 31-November 6, 2008 at Boston, Massachusetts, USA- Paper No. IMECE -2008 -66803,Vol.8, 2008, pp 371-378, DOI:10.1115/IMECE2008-66803.
[15] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, Development of a vaned type novel Air Turbine, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, Proc. IMechE Part: C JMES993, Vol. 222(12), 2008, pp 2419-2426, DOI:10.1243/09544062JMES993.
[16] Singh B.R., and Singh Onkar, Analytical Study on a Vaned Type Novel Air Turbine for Different Conditions of Casing and Rotor Diameters, 2009 ASME International Conference on Energy Sustainability, held on July 17-23, at San Francisco, California, USA, Paper No. ES2009 -90207, Volume 1, 2009, Pages 699-706, DOI: 10.1115/ES2009-90207.
[17] Singh B.R., and Singh Onkar, Effect of Different Vane Angle on Rotor - Casing Diameter Ratios to Optimize the Shaft Output of a Vaned Type Novel Air Turbine, International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Chennai, India, IJEST-ISSN-0975-5472,Vol. 2, Number 3 (2), 2010, pp 114-121.
[18] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, Study of Effect of Injection Angle to Rotor-Casing Diameter Ratios on Performance of a Vaned Type Novel Air Turbine, International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Chennai, India, IJEST-ISSN-0975-5472,Vol. 2, Number 4 (10), 2010, pp 409-417.
[19] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, Critical Effect of Rotor Vanes with Different Injection Angles on Performance of a Vaned Type Novel Air Turbine- International Journal of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, India, IJET-ISSN: 0975-4024, Vol. 2 Number 2(28), 2010, pp. 118-123.
[20] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, Study of Influence of Vane Angle on Shaft Output of a Multi Vane Air Turbine"- International Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, AIP, New York, USA, ISSN: 1941-7012, Vol.2 Number 3, 2010, pp. 033101-16. DOI:10.1063/1.3424712.
[21] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, Analytical Investigations on Different Air Injection Angles to Optimize Power Output of a Vaned Type Air Turbine, International Journal of Power and Energy, Westminster, London- SW1H 9JJ, UK, Proc. of IMechE, Part A: JPE-837, ISSN 0957-6509; Vol. 224,Number 3, 2010, pp. 305-312, DOI:10.1243/09576509JPE837.
[22] Singh B.R. and Singh Onkar, Study of Effect of Rotor Vanes to Rotor-Casing Dimensions on Performance of a Zero Pollution Vane Type Novel Air Turbine, International Journal of the Physical Sciences, 5170-00200, Nairobi-73023 Victoria Island, Lagos, ISSN 1992-1950,Vol.5(5), 2010, pp. 547-556
[23] Singh Onkar, 2009, Reciprocating and Rotary Compressor, Applied Thermodynamics, New Age International (P) Ltd., Publishers, New Delhi, India, ISBN: 978-81-224-2583-3, Feb 2009, pp797-798.

More about this Paper

Reviewed Before : Yes

Reviewed Magazines and Sites:

Related Papers

Privacy Policy|Terms and Conditions

Saturday, November 25, 2017 5:26 AM

Total page views