Issue 3

International Journal of Political Science

ISSN: 2228-6217


Hassan Abniki, PhD., Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch

Editor in Chief:

Abolghasem Taheri, PhD., Allameh Tabatabaei University

Executive Manager:

Mohammad Javad Mosanejad, PhD. Student, Allameh Tabatabaee University

Order Issue


Reference Code: 10-5

Winter& Spring 2012, Issue 3, 21 Jul 2012

Paper Type: Original Research Paper


Covenant (Beiat) and Its Place in the Political Tradition of The prophet Mohammad (S) and Imam Ali (A)


Covenant is a political Oath of Loyalty and agreement whose roots are found in tribal Pagan Arabs, and by the appearance of Islam especially in political tradition of the prophet(s) and Imam Ali (A) it was accepted as a legal- political institution. Rereading of this tradition shows that the formation of the prophet’s governance in Medina and the access of Imam Ali (A) to the political governance occurred through the public covenant with people and the tribe representatives. This article intends to investigate the objective extension of the covenant in the political tradition of the prophet of Islam and that of Imam Ali, and concludes that first of all oath of loyalty was the crystallization of the idea of people’s presence in the political domain, and was considered as backbone of the acceptance of political system of Islam, and secondly, oath of loyalty without having a minimum role in the divine sainthood of the prophet and the Imam, was, practically and officially accepted.

Authors: Seid-Khodayar Mortazavi

Keywords: Covenant, people, Islam Political Tradition, Prophet Mohammad(s) and Imam Ali (A).


Amid-e Zanjani, Abbas Ali. Emamat az Didgah-e Nahj-al Balagheh, (leadership by Nahj-al Balag-heh). A group of Thinkers, A memorandum of the congress of the Thousand Anniversary of Nahj-al Balagheh, First Edition, Tehran, Nahj-al Balagheh Institute, 1981.
Amid Zanjani, Abbas Ali. Mabani-e Andisheh-e siasi-e Eslam (The Fundamentals of the Political Thinking of Islam). Tehran, Islamic cultural and Thought Research center, 1999.
Dehkhoda, Ali Akbar, Loghat Nameh (dictio-nary). Volume 4, second edition, Tehran, univer-sity of Tehran Publication, 1998.
Dinavari, Abu Hanifeh Ahmad Ibn-e Davood. Akhbar-al Tavval, translated by Mahdavi Damg-hani, Mahmood. Seventh edition, Tehran, Nay publication 2007.
Haery, Kazem, Bonian-e Hokomatdar Islam (fundamentals of government in Islam), edition one, Tehran: Ministry of Islamic Guidance, the publication and Propaganda office, 1985.
Holy Quran.
kavakebian, Mostafa. Jayegah-e Democracy dar Nezam-e Velayat-e Faghih (The Place of Democ-racy in The System of Supreme Leadership). Te-hran, Publication of the Islamic Propaganda Or-ganization, 1991.
Nahj al Balagheh, Translated and commented by AliNaghi faiz- al Islam, volumes 1-6, not pub-lished (Introduction date: April 19th) 1972.
Salem, Abdul-Aziz, (2007). The History of Arabs before Islam, Translated by Sadrinia, Bagh-er, third edition. Elmi Farhangi Publication. Te-hran, Iran.
Shahidi, Jafar. Tarikh-e tahlili-e Eslam ta payan-e Omavian (Analytic History of Islam to The End of Omavian Period). Sixth Edition, Tehran, Nashr-e Daneshgahi, 1986
Shariati, Ali. Omat va Emamat (People and lea-dership), Not published, 1972.
Shariati, Ali, EslamShenasi (knowledge about Islam) (lessens presented in Mashhad university), Not published.
Sirat-e Rasoulallah ( Approach of the Prophet) (translated by sirat Ibn-e Ishagh, narrated by Ab-dul Malek Ibn-e Hesham), Translated by Rafi-al din Ishagh Ibn-e Mohammad-e Hamedani, edited by Moddares Sadeghi, Jafar. First Eddition, Te-hran, Markaz Publication, 1993.
Sobhani, Jafar, Foroogh-e Abadiat (The Illumi-nation of Eterity). Volume one, Ghom, Sahifeh Publication, 1989.
Sobhani, Jafar, Foroogh-e Velayat (The Illumi-nation of Leadership). Ghom, Sahifeh Publication, 1989.
yaghoobi, ahmad Ibn-e Abu Yaghoob. Tarikh-e yaghoobi (Yaghoobi History). Translated by Aya-ti, Mohammad Ibrahim; volume one, Tehran, Book Translation and Publication organization, 1968.
ZargariNejad, Gholam Houssein. Tarikh-e Sadr-e Eslam va Asre Nabovvat (The Hstory of Islam and the time of Sainthood). Fifth Edition. Tehran, SAMT Publishers, 2008.

More about this Paper

Reviewed Before : No

Reviewed Magazines and Sites:

Related Papers

Inside Journal


Editorial board members' detail


The archive of journal


Order a hard copy of journal

Privacy Policy|Terms and Conditions | Version: 3.5

Total page views