Inside Journal


Editorial board member


The archive of journal


Sign in and submit a manuscript


Frequently Asked Questions

Order Issue


Reference Code: 915-60

Volume 3, Number 2, 01 Dec 2011

Paper Type: Original Research Paper


Performance Evaluation of Viscoelastic and Friction Passive Damping Systems in Vibration Control of Tall Buildings


This paper provides a comparison of the maximum inter-story drifts and tip acceleration of both a 16 and 30 stories building each with different structural systems; hybrid R.C moment frame with shear walls and hybrid steel frame with shear walls and X bracing which are equipped by passive dampers. Each of the building models were analyzed as fully non-linear structures for variety of dampers placements and subjected to a total of 4 different earthquake excitations. Three-dimensional (3D) finite-element models have been developed in the (FE) code LUSAS to predict the effects of passive damping on the vibrating structures. The manuscript tries to presents a rational comparison for determining dynamic response of seismic-excited high-rise buildings installed with friction and viscoelastic dampers in the cut outs of shear walls in order to capture their advantages in creating efficient damping systems. The results have shown that it is possible to achieve seismic mitigation, under all earthquake excitations, for all the structures considered in this study, by using appropriate damper types suitably located within the structure.

Authors: Ehsan Noroozinejad Farsangi

Keywords: passive damping, seismic-excited, hybrid structural system, FEM


Abbas, H. and Kelly, J. M. (1993), “A methodology for design of viscoelastic dampers in earthquake-resistant structures,” Report No. UCB/EERC 93/09, Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA., USA.
Ahlawat, A.S. and Ramaswamy, A. (2000), “Optimum design of hybrid mass damper svstem for vibration control of MDOF structures,” 14thEngineering Mechanics Conference of ASCE, Austin TX., USA.
Aiken, I.D., Kelly, J.M. and Mahmoodi, P. (1990), “The application of VE dampers to seismically resistant structures.”4th U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Palm Springs, CA. USA, Vol. 3, Pages 459-468.
Amiri, G.G. and Dana, F.M. (2005), “Introduction of the most suitable parameter for selection of critical Earthquake”, Computers & Structures, Vol. 83, No. 8-9, Pages 525-670.
Ashour, S.A. and Hanson, R.D. (1987), “Elastic seismic response of buildings with supplemental damping”, Report No. UMCE 87-1, University of Michigan, Ann Arbour, MI., USA.
Aydin, E., Boduroglub, M.H., and Guney, D. (2007), “Optimal damper distribution for seismic rehabilitation of planar building structures”, Engineering Structures, Vol. 29, Pages 176–185.
Balendra, T., Lam, N.T.K., Perry, M.J., Lumantarna, E. and Wilson, J.L. (2005), “Simplified displacement demand prediction of tall asymmetric buildings subjected to long-distance earthquakes”, Engineering Structures, Vol. 27, Pages 335-348.
Bhaskararao, A.V. and Jangid, R.S. (2006), “Seismic analysis of structures connected with friction dampers”, Engineering Structures, Vol. 28, Pages 690-703.
Bhatti, M.A. and Pister, K.S. (1981), “A Dual Criteria for Optimal Design of Earthquake-Resistant Structural Systems,” Earthquake Engineering andStructural Dynamics, Vol. 9, Pages 557-572.
Boller, C., Chang, F.K. and Fujino, Y. (Eds.).(2009), “Encyclopedia of Structural HMalth monitoring”, Wiley Inter Science, NJ., USA.
Chang, K.C., Soong, T.T., Lai, M.L., and Nielsen, A. (1993), “Viscoelastic dampers as energy dissipation devices for seismic applications,” Earthquake Spectra, Vol. 9, No.3, Pages 371-388.
Chang, K.C., Soong, T.T., Oh, S.T. and Lai, M.L. (1992), “Effect of ambient temperature on viscoelastically damped structure”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 118, No. 7, Pages 1955-1973.
Cherry, S. and Filiatrault, A. (1993), “Seismic response control of buildings using friction dampers”, Earthquake Spectra, Vol.9, Pages 447-466.
Christopoulos, C. And Filiatrault, A. (2006), ”Principle of Passive Supplemental Damping and Seismic Isolation”, IUSS Press, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.
Clough. R.W. and Penzien, J. (1995), “Dynamics Of Structures”, 3rd edition. Berkeley, CA., USA.
Elnashai A.S., Sarno L.D. (2008), “Fundamentals of Earthquake Engineering”, A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd Publication, New York, NY., USA.
Goel, S.C., Hanson, R.D. and Wight, J.K. (1989), "Strengthening of existing buildings for earthquake survival”, Lessons Learned from the 1985 Mexico Earthquake, Ed. Bertero, V.V., EERI, Pages 166-171.
Harada, H., Ishii, M., Yamane, T. and Kobori, T. (2005), “A study on dynamic behavior of passive energy dissipation systems based on seismic observation records, Part 1”, 9th World Seminar on Seismic Isolation, Energy Dissipation and Active Vibration Control of Structures, Kobe, Japan.
Hahn, G.D. and Sathiavageeswaran, K.R. (1992), ”Effects of added-damper distribution on the seismic response of buildings”, Computers & Structures, Vol. 43, No. 5, Pages 941–950.
Hart, G.C., Fai, K.K. and Wong, F. (2000), “Structural Dynamic for Structural Engineers”, John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY., USA.
Hosseini, M., Noroozinejad Farsangi, E.. (2012), “Telescopic columns as a new base isolation system for vibration control of high-rise buildings” Journal of Earthquakes and Structures, Vol. 3, No. 6, Techno Press.(In Press).
J´armai, K., Farkas, J. and Kurobane, Y. (2006), “Optimum seismic design of a multi-storey steel frame”, Engineering Structures, Vol. 28, Pages 1038– 1048.
Kasai, K., Fu, Y. and Watanabe, A. (1998), “Passive control systems for seismic damage mitigation”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 124, No. 5, Pages 501-512.
LUSAS Software Manual, 2004.
Marko, J., Thambiratnam, D.P. and Perera, N.J. (2009), “Study of passive dampers configurations in the seismic mitigation of structures”, Journal of Mechanics of Materials and Structures, Vol. 2, No. 7, Pages 1021-1049.
Pong, W.S., Tsai, C.S. and Lee, G.C., (1994), “Seismic study of building frames with added energy-absorbing devices”, Report No. NCEER 94-0016, National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.
Shen, K.L. and Soong, T.T. (1995), “Modeling of viscoelastic dampers for structural applications”, Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 121, No. 6, Pages 694-700.
Shukla, A.K, Datta, T.K, (1999), “Optimal use of viscoelastic dampers in building frames for seismic response”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 125, No. 4, Pages 401– 409.
Singh M.P., Moreschi, L.M. (2000), “Optimal seismic design of building structures with friction dampers”, US–China Millenium Symposium on Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, China.
Soong, T.T. and Dargush, G.F. (1997), ”Passive Energy Dissipation Systems in Structural Engineering”, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK.
Takewaki, I. (1997), “Optimal damper placement for minimum transfer functions”, Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, Vol. 26, No. 11, Pages 1113–1124.
Takewaki, I. (2009), “Building Control with Passive Dampers: Optimal Performance-Based Design for Earthquakes”, John Wiley & Sons Ltd. (Asia), Singapore.
Trombetti, T. and Silvestri, S. (2004), “Added viscous dampers in shear-type structures: The effectiveness of mass proportional damping”, Journal of Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 2, Pages 275–313.
Yamamoto, K., Fujita, K., and Takewaki, I. (2010), “Optimization in damper placement for interstory-drift control of structures”, 1st International Conference on Advances in Interaction and Multiscale Mechanics (AIMM’10) Jeju, Korea, Pages 321–329.
Zhang, R.H. and Soong, T.T. (1992), “Seismic design of viscoelastic dampers for structural applications”, Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 118, No. 5, Pages 1375–1392.
Zienkiewicz, O.C. and Taylor, R.L. (2005), “The Finite Element Method for Solid and Structural Mechanics”, Sixth ed., Elsevier, Oxford, UK.

More about this Paper

Reviewed Before : No

Reviewed Magazines and Sites:

Related Papers